Instrument for Pre-accession Assistance (IPA)

Any donor
European Union
Geographical focus: 
Thematic focus: 
Tourism in general
Infrastructure in Tourism
Policy and Governance in Tourism
Trade, Investment and Competitiveness in Tourism
Social inclusion and Poverty reduction in Tourism
Intro text: 
The IPA is the means by which the EU supports reforms in the 'enlargement countries' with financial and technical help. It is administered by the European Commission, DG Neighbourhood and Enlargement Negotiations.

Official website

Geographic focus

EU candidate and potential candidate countries: Albania, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia, Turkey, Kosovo and Bosnia and Herzegovina

Who can apply?

  • All legal persons who are nationals of and legal persons who are established in a EU Member State, a country that is a candidate or potential candidate country, a country that is a beneficiary of the ENPI, or a country in the EEA; and
  • International organizations.

Objectives and activities

Objective: IPA helps the beneficiaries make political and economic reforms, preparing them for the rights and obligations that come with EU membership. Those reforms should provide their citizens with better opportunities and allow for development of standards equal to the ones we enjoy as citizens of the EU.

Activities: The IPA is made up of five different components:

  • Assistance for transition and institution building;
  • Cross-border cooperation (with EU Member States and other countries eligible for IPA);
  • Regional development (transport, environment, regional and economic development);
  • Human resources (strengthening human capital and combating exclusion); and
  • Rural development.

Examples of tourism-related actions eligible for funding:

  • The cultural and historical heritage can be a valuable source of economic growth. The EU is helping Albania and the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia to preserve their heritage and take full advantage of this potential to boost tourism.
  • Safer aviation thanks to regional cooperation in the Western Balkans, as a result of growth in tourism and business.
  • ‘Increasing the Adaptability of Employers and Employees in Tourism Sector’ in Turkey.

Type and level of funding

The total financial resources amount to EUR 11.7 billion for the period 2014–2020. Financial assistance is provided in the form of grants, loans and tenders. Tenders for IPA assistance to enlargement countries are based on project requirements agreed between the Commission and the beneficiary countries. Interested parties can apply by responding to calls for proposals, both for grants and tenders.