UNWTO & the UN System
Tourism increasingly recognized as a powerful tool for development, having the potential to adress a wide range of global challenges including poverty, employment, climate change and environmental degradation. The transformative power of tourism is reflected in various key outcomes of conferences and summits, including:
- 65th session of the United Nations General Assembly (2010), in which tourism is featured in three resolutions: the Global Code of Ethics, the promotion of eco-tourism and the importance of sustainable tourism for Small Island Developing States (SIDS).
- Rio+20 United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development (2012) where tourism can make a significant contribution to the three pillars of sustainable development
- Istanbul Programme of Action (IPoA, 2011) where tourism is mentioned in reference to the importance of marine and coastal resources and access to the sea for the economic growth of LDCs.
- Vienna Programme of Action (VPoA, 2014) for Landlocked Developing Countries (LLDCs) links the oceans and the seas to the sustainable development of the SIDS.
- Samoa Pathway (2014), which refers to the sustainable aspect of tourism in the SIDS countries, particularly sustainable fisheries and aquaculture, coastal tourism and the potential of renewable energy.
- UN Habitat II, linking sustainable urbanization and tourism