Funding Mechanisms

COSME is the EU programme for the Competitiveness of Enterprises and Small and Medium-sized Enterprises (SMEs) running from 2014 to 2020. The Executive Agency for Small and Medium-sized Enterprises (EASME) manages COSME on behalf of the European Commission.
Launched in January 2007, the Development Cooperation Instrument (DCI) replaces a wide range of geographic and thematic instruments which was created over time. In this way, it increases the effectiveness of the EU development cooperation. Geographic programmes supporting cooperation with 47 developing countries in Latin America, Asia, the Gulf region and South Africa. Thematic programmes can benefit all developing countries (including those covered by the ENPI and the EDF). The DCI is administered by the European Commission, DG Development Cooperation.
The European Development Fund (EDF), created in 1957 by the Treaty of Rome and launched in 1959, is the EU’s main instrument for providing development aid to African, Caribbean and Pacific (ACP) countries and to overseas countries and territories (OCTs). The EDF is established within the framework of an international agreement between the EU and its partner countries. Directly financed by EU Member States, the EDF is implemented according to its own financial and implementation regulation along with the MFF (Multi-annual financial framework). EDF is administered by the European Commission, DG International Cooperation and Development.
The Cohesion Fund has been set up as the compensation mechanism for the EU Member States with comparatively low income in connection with establishment of European Monetary Union that was envisaged in the Maastricht Treaty (1992). In 1994 a Council Regulation was issued that established the Cohesion Fund. The Cohesion Fund is administered by the European Commission, DG Regional and Urban Policy.
The European Social Fund (ESF) was created in the founding Treaty of Rome in 1957; it is the oldest of the Structural Funds. It is Europe’s main instrument for supporting jobs, helping people get better jobs and ensuring fairer job opportunities for all EU citizens. The ESF is administered by the European Commission, DG Employment, Social Affairs and Inclusion.
The European Regional Development Fund (ERDF) was established in 1975 as one of the European Structural Funds. It aims to strengthen economic and social cohesion in the European Union by correcting imbalances between its regions. The ERDF is administered by the European Commission, DG Regional Policy.
The EaSI programme is a financing instrument at EU level to promote a high level of quality and sustainable employment, guaranteeing adequate and decent social protection, combating social exclusion and poverty and improving working conditions. EaSI is managed directly by the European Commission.
The European Union Visitors Programme (EUVP) is a study programme for young leaders from countries outside the European Union. The EUVP is jointly sponsored and administered by the European Parliament and the European Commission.
LIFE is the financial instrument supporting environmental and nature conservation projects throughout the EU. LIFE is administered by the European Commission, DG Environment.
The EU has designed and developed ‘SWITCH Africa Green’, a pilot initiative to foster green economy transformation in six African countries. The implementation of this project goes to the UN agencies and in particular to UNEP who has a mandate and expertise in the areas of green economy and Sustainable Consumption and Production.
The European Commission has designed and developed a SWITCH-Asia programme. Its goal is to promote economic prosperity and help reduce poverty in Asia by encouraging a sustainable growth with low environmental impact from industries and consumers, in line with international environmental agreements and processes. The implementation of this project goes to the UN agencies and in particular to UNEP.
FEMIP was created in October 2002 within the European Investment Bank (EIB), following the Barcelona European Council, to stimulate economic growth and private sector development in the Mediterranean region.
Horizon 2020 is the EU Framework Programme for Research and Innovation (2014-2020). It is the financial instrument implementing the Innovation Union, a Europe 2020 flagship initiative aimed at securing Europe's global competitiveness. Horizon is administered by the European Commission, DG Research and Innovation.
The EU Aid Volunteers initiative brings together volunteers and organizations from different countries, in joint action, providing practical support in the provision of humanitarian aid and contributing to the strengthening of local capacity and resilience of disaster-affected communities. It is administered by the European Commission, DG Humanitarian Aid and Civil Protection - Education, Audio-visual and Culture Executive Agency (EACEA).
To promote the implementation of the Internal Security Strategy, law enforcement cooperation and the management of the Union's external borders, the Internal Security Fund (ISF) has been set up for the period 2014-2020.
Through the Partnership Instrument (PI), the EU cooperates with partners around the world to advance the Union’s strategic interests and tackle global challenges. It is administered by the European Commission, DG Service for Foreign Policy Instruments (FPI).
The Europe for Citizens programme supports activities to increase awareness and citizens' understanding of the EU and of its values and history. It administered by the the European Commission: Education, Audiovisual and Culture Executive Agency.
The ESPON 2020 Programme aims at promoting and fostering a European territorial dimension in development and cooperation by providing evidence, knowledge transfer and policy learning to public authorities and other policy actors at all levels. It is administered by the European Commission, DG Regional and Urban Policy.
In 2001, the EU Civil Protection Mechanism was established, fostering cooperation among national civil protection authorities across Europe. The initial EU budget for humanitarian and civil protection actions amounts to €1 billion per year.
The ENI supports strengthening of relations with Neighborhood countries and brings tangible benefits to both the EU and its partners. It is administered by the European Commission, DG International Cooperation and Development.
The ACP-EU Energy Facility is a co-financing instrument launched in 2005. The EU supports actions in all segments of the energy sector. President Barroso pledged for the access of 500 million people to modern energy services by 2030.
The Pan-African Programme provides dedicated support to the Africa-EU Strategic Partnership and is the first ever EU programme in development and cooperation that covers Africa as a whole. The Pan-African Programme is administered by the European Commission, DG International Cooperation and Development.
The Asian Investment Facility (AIF) was created in 2010 in line with the objectives of the Development Cooperation Instrument (DCI) and the Regional Strategy for Asian countries.
The EIDHR is designed to help civil society to become an effective force for political reform and defense of human rights. The EIDHR is administered by the European Commission, DG International Cooperation and Development.
The European Regional Development Fund (ERDF) was established in 1975 as one of the European Structural Funds. It aims to strengthen economic and social cohesion in the European Union by correcting imbalances between its regions. The ERDF is administered by the European Commission, DG Regional Policy.
The Fund promotes economic development in Least Developed Countries (LDCs) by providing access to financial instruments. Created by the General Assembly in 1966 to promote economic development. For the next twenty years UNCDF financed stand-alone capital infrastructure -- roads, bridges, irrigation schemes -- mostly in Africa. It received about $40 million in core funding per year and operated out of UNDP country offices.
The GEF Trust Fund was firstly implemented by UNEP, World Bank and UNDP. In 1994, after the Rio Earth Summit, GEF became an independent and separate institution. As part of the restructuring, GEF was entrusted to become the financial mechanism for both the UN Convention on Biological Diversity and the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change.
The Fund was established in 1992 after the Rio Earth Summit. It provides financial and technical support to projects that conserve and restore the environment while enhancing people’s well-being and livelihoods. The Fund demonstrates that community action can maintain the fine balance between human needs and environmental imperatives. The Programme is funded by the Global Environment Facility (GEF), implemented by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and executed by the United Nations Office for Project Services (UNOPS).
The Fund has been established by UNDP to support gender equality and women’s empowerment initiatives at regional and country level.
The United Nations-World Bank Fragility and Conflict Partnership Trust Fund is a multi-country, multi-donor trust fund that supports partnership activities, fostering a closer relationship between the United Nations (UN) and the World Bank (WB) to promote a more effective and sustainable international response in fragile and conflict-affected situations (FCS).
The UN General Assembly established CERF on 15 December 2005 to update the Central Emergency Revolving Fund. It was launched in March 2006. OCHA Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) is one of the fastest and most effective ways to support rapid humanitarian response for people affected by natural disasters and armed-conflict.
The EIF is a Multi-Donor programme, which supports LDCs to be more active players in the global trading system by helping them tackle supply-side constraints to trade. In this way, the programme works towards a wider goal of promoting economic growth and sustainable development and helping to lift more people out of poverty. The United Nations Office for Project Services (UNOPS) acts as the EIF Trust Fund Manager in support of the programme. The Trust Fund Manager has signed Contribution Arrangements with all donors to the Trust Fund and has concluded Partnership Agreements with ITC, UNCTAD, UNIDO and UNDP, and the World Bank, and exchanged letters with WTO.
The SDG Fund was established in 2014 as a joint initiative of UNDP and the Spanish Development cooperation agency as a new cooperation mechanism that supports integrated and multidimensional joint programmes. It looks to the MDG Achievement Fund, its precursor, as a basis for what works. With a total contribution of USD 900 million, the MDG-F financed 130 joint programmes in 50 countries around the world, in 8 areas: Children, food security and nutrition, gender equality and women’s empowerment, environment and climate change; youth employment and migration; democratic economic governance; development and the private sector; conflict prevention and peace building, culture and development.
The Fund was established in 2005 for promoting and supporting South-South and triangular cooperation. Since the establishment of the Fund, it has received contributions from over 30 countries as well as from funds, foundations, and International and bilateral organizations, totaling more than USD 21,5 million, with USD 12 million received during the fourth cooperation framework for South-South cooperation (2009-2013).
The Fund was established in October 2006 for post-conflict peacebuilding initiatives. The PBF constitutes an essential component of the enhanced UN architecture to provide for a more sustained engagement in support of countries emerging from conflict and will support peacebuilding activities which directly contribute to post-conflict stabilization and strengthen the capacity of Governments, national/local institutions and transitional or other relevant authorities.
The Fund was adopted as a funding mechanism of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCC) at the end of 2011. It aims to make an ambitious contribution to attaining the mitigation and adaptation goals of the international community. Over time it is expected to become the main multilateral financing mechanism to support climate change action in developing countries.
The IFCD is a multi-donor fund established to promote sustainable development and poverty reduction in developing countries through support to projects that aim to foster the emergence of a dynamic cultural sector.
The Fund was established in 2008 to build on the convening power and technical expertise of the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), the UN Development Programme (UNDP) and the UN Environment Programme (UNEP). These agencies are combining forces to support developing countries in their efforts to mitigate climate change through the implementation of REDD+ activities agreed under the UNFCC. The programme has expanded steadily and over 60 countries are now involved.
FICA is the policy implementing agency of the Flemish development cooperation. Since the decision of the Government of Flanders of 22 July 2005, the realization of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) constituted a guiding principle throughout the Flemish development policy. The Flemish contribution focused on extreme poverty and hunger (MDG 1), health care (MDG 4-6), ecological sustainability (MDG 7) and the partnership for development (MDG 8). Total ODA in 2014 was USD 64 million (EUR 57 million), of which 51% were directed towards “Southern Cooperation”, 46% towards “Northern Cooperation”, and 3% were destined for administrative costs. Direct Bilateral ODA was EUR 5 million, indirect bilateral ODA EUR 4 million. Overall, In the same year Flanders spent EUR 221,000 on three tourism projects, which represents around 0.4% of Flemish total ODA.
Total ODA in 2014 was USD 1.6 billion which represents 0,60% of GNI. EUR 716 million were spent on bilateral ODA and EUR 516 million on multilateral ODA.
Agence Française de Développement (AFD) is a financial institution and the main implementing agency for France’s official development assistance to developing countries and overseas territories. AFD is the operator for France’s bilateral development finance mechanism. It is a public industrial and commercial institution with the status of specialized financial institution. Its action is in line with the policy set out in France’s Framework Document for Development Cooperation. AFD has been entrusted with a mandate by the French national authorities to contribute to economic and social development in its geographical areas of operation. It achieves this by financing and supporting development projects and programs, participating in the debate, research and dialogue with the relevant stakeholders. Total ODA in 2014 was USD 10.4 billion, which represents 0,36% of GNI.
KfW Development Bank has been helping the German Federal Government to achieve its goals in development policy and international development cooperation for more than 50 years. On behalf of the German Federal Government, and primarily the Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ), it finances and supports programmes and projects that mainly involve public sector players in developing countries and emerging economies – from their conception and execution to monitoring their success. The goal is to help partner countries fight poverty, maintain peace, protect both the environment and the climate and shape globalisation in an appropriate way. With money from the German federal budget and own funds, KfW finances investments and reform programmes in a range of sectors including health, education, water supply, energy, rural development and financial system development. The type of projects and programmes depend on local needs and the general conditions in place.
The Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) is advancing its activities around the pillars of a field-oriented approach, human security, and enhanced effectiveness, efficiency, and speed. Total ODA in 2014 was USD 9.2 billion, which represents 0.19% of GNI.
LuxDev works in 14 countries on four continents. The bulk of its activity is concentrated on the nine official partner countries of the Luxembourg ODA, as defined by the Government of the Grand Duchy. Apart from Africa (Cape Verde, Burkina Faso, Mali, Niger and Senegal) the Agency is also active in Latin America (Nicaragua and El Salvador) and South-East Asia (Laos and Vietnam). The ODA with partner countries is managed via an Indicative Cooperation Programme (ICP), which is adopted by the governments of Luxembourg and the respective partner countries. The ICP is a multi-annual programme which identifies key areas of development cooperation (sectors, geographic areas, modalities) and multi-year budgets allocated to development programmes. The mission is to actively participate in the implementation of the development cooperation policy of the Luxembourg government, which focuses on poverty eradication and sustainable development in its social, economic and environmental aspects. As an agency of the Luxembourg government, LuxDev can be seen as the essential instrument by which the country expresses its international solidarity. It seeks to assist partners, without substituting them in their efforts to progress. Luxembourg Development Cooperation also operates in so-called project-countries in the Balkans (Montenegro and Kosovo) and Asia (Mongolia and Myanmar). Total ODA in 2013 was USD 431 million, which represents 1% of GNI.
The New Zealand Aid Programme is the New Zealand Government's international aid and development programme. Its mission is to support sustainable development in developing countries in order to reduce poverty and contribute to a more secure, equitable and prosperous world. It is managed by development specialists in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade. To deliver its mission, the aid programme focuses on applying New Zealand's strengths and expertise in development contexts, has clear priorities, and works in partnerships. The New Zealand Aid Programme has several priority themes:  Improve economic well-being;  Improve human development outcomes;  Improve resilience and recovery from emergencies;  Improve governance, security and conditions for peace;  Making development effective;  Policy Coherence for Development; and  International Goals. Total ODA in 2014 was USD 502 million, which represents 0.27% of GNI.
The Agency is a directorate under the Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs. In matter regarding Norway’s International Climate and Forest Initiative (NICFI), Norad reports to the Norwegian Ministry of Climate and Environment.
In operating with other federal offices concerned, SDC is responsible for the overall coordination of development activities and cooperation with Eastern Europe, as well as for the humanitarian aid delivered by the Swiss Confederation. Through its bilateral programmes Switzerland stays in contact with local realities and maintains direct control and visibility, often strengthened by the commitment of Swiss personnel. The experiences and observations gained on the ground influence the standpoints Switzerland takes within the international organisations, creating a synergy between its bilateral and multilateral commitments. Switzerland also manages its own humanitarian programmes, always maintaining close relationships with the multilateral humanitarian institutions. Total ODA in 2014 was USD 3.5 billion, which represents 0.49% of GNI.
The Department for International Development (DFID) leads the UK’s work to end extreme poverty. It aims to end the need for aid by creating jobs, unlocking the potential of girls and women and helping to save lives when humanitarian emergencies hit. Responsibilities  Honouring the UK’s international commitments and taking action to achieve the Millennium Development Goals;  Making British aid more effective by improving transparency, openness and value for money;  Targeting British international development policy on economic growth and wealth creation;  Improving the coherence and performance of British international development policy in fragile and conflict-affected countries  Improving the lives of girls and women through better education and a greater choice on family planning;  Preventing violence against girls and women in the developing world; nd  Helping to prevent climate change and encouraging adaptation and low-carbon growth in developing countries. Priorities  Education;  Health;  Economic growth and the private sector;  Governance and conflict;  Climate and environment; and  Water and sanitation. Total ODA in 2014 was USD 19.4 billion, which represents 0.71% of GNI.
USAID’s mission statement highlights two complementary and intrinsically linked goals: ending extreme poverty and promoting the development of resilient, democratic societies that are able to realize their potential. For the agency, ending extreme poverty requires enabling inclusive, sustainable growth; promoting free, peaceful, and self-reliant societies with effective, legitimate governments; building human capital and creating social safety nets that reach the poorest and most vulnerable.
The URBACT programme is the European Territorial Cooperation programme aiming to foster sustainable integrated urban development in cities across Europe. The programme is administered by the European Commission, DG Regional Policy.
The Interreg Europe programme aims to improve the implementation of regional development policies and programmes in Europe. It is administered by The European Commission, DG Regional Policy.
Officially launched in 2008, NIF is financial mechanism aimed at mobilizing additional funding to cover the investment needs of the EU Neighbouring region for infrastructures in sectors such as transport, energy, the environment and social issues. NIF is administered by the European Commission, DG International Cooperation and Development
The IPA is the means by which the EU supports reforms in the 'enlargement countries' with financial and technical help. It is administered by the European Commission, DG Neighbourhood and Enlargement Negotiations.
The Instrument contributing to Stability and Peace (IcSP) is the EU's main instrument supporting security initiatives and peace-building activities in partner countries. It came into force in 2014, replacing the Instrument for Stability (IfS) and several earlier instruments that focused on drugs, landmines, uprooted people, crisis management, rehabilitation and reconstruction.
The EAFRD aims, among other things, at promoting economic development in rural areas. It is administered by the European Commission, DG Agriculture and Rural Development.
The Connecting Europe Facility (CEF) supports trans- European networks and infrastructures in the sectors of transport, telecommunications and energy. CEF is administered by the European Commission, DG Communications Networks, Content and Technology, and DG Mobility and Transport.
The European Globalisation Adjustment Fund provides support to people losing their jobs as a result of major structural changes in world trade patterns due to globalisation. The EGF is administered by the European Commission, DG Employment, Social Affairs & Inclusion.
The Fund for European Aid to the Most Deprived (FEAD) supports EU countries' actions to provide material assistance to the most deprived. It is administered by the European Commission, DG Employment, Social Affairs & Inclusion.
The European Maritime and Fisheries fund is the fund for the EU's maritime and fisheries policies for 2014-2020. It is one of the five European Structural and Investment (ESI) Funds which complement each other and seek to promote a growth and job based recovery in Europe.
USAID is the lead U.S. Government agency that works to end extreme global poverty and enable resilient, democratic societies to realize their potential. Total ODA 2014 = USD 32.7 billion (0.19% of GNI)
The Millennium Challenge Corporation (MCC) is an innovative and independent U.S. foreign aid agency that is helping lead the fight against global poverty. Created by the U.S. Congress in January 2004 with strong bipartisan support, MCC is changing the conversation on how best to deliver smart U.S. foreign assistance by focusing on good policies, country ownership, and results.
The ELTIFs is created to help increase the pool of capital avail able for long term investment in tomorrow’s economy in line with the European Union’s objectives of smart, sustainable and inclusive growth.
The Department for International Development (DFID) leads the UK’s work to end extreme poverty. We're ending the need for aid by creating jobs, unlocking the potential of girls and women and helping to save lives when humanitarian emergencies hit. Total ODA 2014 = USD 19.4 billion (0.71% of GNI)
The Agency of the Spanish Cooperation (AECID) is the principal management body of the Spanish Cooperation, oriented towards the fight against poverty and the sustainable human development. The total ODA in 2013 was of USD 2.2 billion (o.16 % of GINI)
The International Development Association (IDA) is the part of the World Bank that helps the world’s poorest countries. IDA is one of the largest sources of assistance for the world’s 77 poorest countries, 39 of which are in Africa. It is the single largest source of donor funds for basic social services in these countries. IDA-financed operations deliver positive change for 2.8 billion people, the majority of whom survive on less than USD 2 a day.
The SPF is designed to explore innovative approaches to peace- and state-building in a range of difficult fragile and conflict-affected environments. The SPF is administered by the World Bank with funds from Australia, Denmark, Germany, Norway, Sweden and the United Kingdom.
International development cooperation is regulated by the International Development Cooperation of the Republic of Slovenia Act, adopted in June 2006. The Act defines the objectives and methods of long-term planning, financing and implementation of international development cooperation of Slovenia. total ODA 2013 = USD 60 million (0.13% of GNI) (BL = 20 mio, ML = 40 mio)
The mechanism of providing development assistance was established in 2003 by creating the institutional, legal, and strategic framework for the Slovak development programming. Since 2003, Slovak Republic has been engaged in bilateral development assistance programmes and projects carried out in the developing countries, in addition to providing multilateral assistance and humanitarian aid.
The Trust Fund is managed by SOFID and is destined to finance investment projects and strategic partnerships in the fields of energy production, especially renewable energy, environment and infrastructures, respecting economic, financial and environmental development criteria.
Camões – Instituto da Cooperação e da Língua, I.P., in short Camões, I.P., is a public institute, integrated in the indirect administration of the State, with administrative and financial autonomy and its own assets, pursuing duties of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs under its supervision. Camões, I.P., mission is to propose and implement the Portuguese cooperation policy and to coordinate activities undertaken by other public entities involved in implementing that policy and also to propose and implement the educational policy, to disseminate the Portuguese language and culture in foreign universities and to manage the foreign Portuguese teaching network at primary and secondary levels. total ODA 2013 = USD 484 mio. (=0,23% of GNI)
Poland is involved in development cooperation for the benefit of developing countries. As a United Nations, European Union and OECD member, Poland is under a number of political obligations to increase its activity on the international arena for the reduction of poverty. Total ODA 2013 = USD 474 mio.
The government of the Netherlands and the World Bank have established the first Multi-Donor Trust Fund for Sustainable Logistics (MDTF-SL) in 2013.
During the period 2015 – 2017 Norad intends to support national and international civil society organisations in their efforts to strengthen women’s effective influence in peace processes and post conflict contexts.
The new grant scheme announced by Norad’s Department for Civil Society will run over a period of five years, starting 1 January 2016.
The Agency is a directorate under the Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs. In matter regarding Norway’s International Climate and Forest Initiative (NICFI), Norad reports to the Norwegian Ministry of Climate and Environment.
The Adaptation Fund is a financial instrument under the UNFCCC and its Kyoto Protocol (KP) and has been established to finance concrete adaptation projects and programs.
The New Zealand Partnerships for International Development Fund (‘Partnerships Fund’) is a New Zealand Government initiative. It is a contestable fund within the New Zealand Aid Programme, open to New Zealand organisations from the charitable, other not-for-profit, private, and state sectors. The Partnerships Fund will support good ideas from New Zealand-based organisations working with local partners from developing countries to support sustainable development in developing countries.
PacificTA is funded from the New Zealand Aid Programme and is managed by Local Government of New Zealand (LGNZ). PacificTA has been established to assist Pacific Island countries with technical expertise to develop and deliver appropriate solutions to service delivery at the local level. This can relate to areas such as urban planning and development and planning and management of infrastructure including water, waste and landfill management.
The New Zealand Aid Programme is the New Zealand Government's international aid and development programme managed by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade. total ODA 2013 = 461 mio USD (0,26% of GNI)
The Climate Investment Funds include four key programs that help 72 developing countries pilot low-emissions and climate resilient development.
The Netherlands has undertaken a fundamental review of development policy, by assisting fewer partner countries while focusing on 4r spearhead areas in which Netherlands can add special value. Trade and development cooperation, Dutch development cooperation in: water management, security and the rule of law, food security, sexual and reproductive health rights; doing business in developing countries, financing development cooperation.
Netherlands Enterprise Agency (RVO.nl) encourages entrepreneurs in sustainable, agrarian, innovative and international business. It helps with grants, finding business partners, know-how and compliance with laws and regulations.
Investment climate teams of the World Bank Group contribute to tourism sector growth and competitiveness by facilitating and supporting catalytic private sector investments while enhancing the policy, legal, and regulatory frameworks to improve public sector performance and private sector profitability.
Community Driven Development (CDD) programs operate on the principles of transparency, participation, local empowerment, demand-responsiveness, greater downward accountability, and enhanced local capacity.
Partnership for Capacity Building in Africa (PACT) recognizes the centrality of “capacity” in the development process in Africa.
The mission of the agency is to actively participate in the implementation of the development cooperation policy of the Luxembourg government, which focuses on poverty eradication and sustainable development in its social, economic and environmental aspects. As an agency of the Luxembourg government, LuxDev can be seen as the essential instrument by which the country expresses its international solidarity. total ODA 2013 = 431 mio USD (1% of GNI)
Vision: Inclusive and Dynamic Development, total ODA = 11.8 bio US $, Technical cooperation in 2013 = 177.3 bio Yen (= 1.4 bio US $) (Business and tourism = 2,7% = 4.8 bio Yen).
The Foreign Ministry is responsible for the State’s functions, tasks and duties in matters concerning Italy’s political, economic, social and cultural relations with other countries. The main sectors where the Italian Development Cooperation works: • International relations, especially establishing closer relations with the emerging economies, enhancing Italy’s contribution to international security and contributing to the country’s energy security; • Representing the Italian position in the European integration process, in implementing the European Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP), and in the European Union’s external political and economic relations; • Support for enterprise, economic-commercial questions, promoting the “Made in Italy” brand and supporting Italian businesses abroad; • Promoting the Italian language and culture abroad, through Italian schools, scholarships and grants for foreign citizens, language courses organised by the Italian Cultural Institutes, and archaeological missions; • Support and services for Italians abroad through the consular register office, assistance and protection for residents and tourists, intervention in emergencies, consular services, help for Italian prisoners abroad and assistance in cases involving international child abduction; • Entry visas to Italy; • Development Cooperation with the double objective of ensuring that human rights are protected and fostering the economic growth of all peoples; • Communication and information for the institutions, the media and citizens: information is provided by the political leadership, the Press and Institutional Communication Service and the Office for Relations with the Public.
Irish Aid is the Irish Government’s programme for overseas development. The programme is managed by the Development Co-operation Division of the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade. The work we do in fighting global poverty and hunger is integral to Ireland’s foreign policy. total ODA 2013 = 822 USD (0.45% of GNI), BL=68%, ML = 32%,
The Institutional Development Fund (IDF) is a World Bank grant facility launched as a recommendation of the Task Force on Technical Assistance.
ICEIDA is an autonomous agency under the Icelandic Ministry for Foreign Affairs. ICEIDA's role set by law is to execute and administer bi-lateral development assistance provided by the Government of Iceland. total ODA 2013 = 35 mio USD (0.26 % of GNI)
Hellenic Aid is the international development cooperation department of Greece's Ministry of Foreign Affairs. The agency is in charge of the provision of both development and emergency aid from Greece to developing countries. total ODA 2013 = 305 US $ (0,13 % of GNI), ODA bilateral grants 2012 = 107 mio US $.
KfW Development Bank has been helping the German Federal Government to achieve its goals in international development cooperation for more than 50 years. It is both an experience bank and a development policy and many years of national and international experience. It is both an experienced bank and a development institution with financing expertise, an expert knowledge of development policy and many years of national and international experience.
The Korea Trust Fund for Economic and Peace-building Transitions (KTF) was established in 2009. The Korean Trust fund is managed by the State and Peace Building Secretariat.
Danida is the term used for Denmark’s development cooperation, which is an area of activity under the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Denmark. Denmark’s development policy aims to combat fighting poverty through promotion of human rights and economic growth. Danida has responsibility for the planning, implementation and quality assurance of Denmark’s development cooperation. There are local and posted staff at Danish embassies and missions abroad who are responsible for the administration and management of Denmark’s development cooperation with the individual country. ODA = 3 bio USD, 0.85% of GNI (72% bilateral, 28% multilateral).
The Czech Development Agency is an implementing body of the Czech Development Cooperation primarily focused on design and execution of bilateral development projects. 210 mio US $ total ODA in 2013, = 0.11% of GNI (bilateral = 57 mio = 27%, multilateral = 153 mio = 73 %), Tourism = 0.01 % of toal ODA (=10,000 $)
The mandate of FATDC is to manage Canada's diplomatic and consular relations, to encourage the country's international trade and to lead Canada’s international development and humanitarian assistance - total ODA 2013 = 4.9 bio USD (0.27 of GNI)
Policy implementing agency of the Flemish development cooperation. total ODA 2014 = € 57 mio (51% southern cooperation, 46% northern cooperation), direct bilateral = 5 mio, indirect bilateral = 4 mio, 9% of ODA to tourism
The Belgian development agency, BTC, mobilizes its resources and its expertise to eliminate poverty in the world. BTC contributes to the efforts of the international community and works towards a society that provides present and future generations with sufficient resources to build a sustainable and fair world. total ODA= USD 2,3 bio in 2013 (0.55% of GNI)
The Middle East and North Africa Multi-Donor Trust Fund (MENA MDTF) was established in 2012 to support the transition currently underway in many countries in the MENA region. Since then, it has provided over $13 million in technical assistance grants to almost 30 activities at both country and regional level. Despite being a relatively small trust fund of little less than $16 million, it has nonetheless played a catalytic role in helping to deliver reform.
Civil Society International provides various co-financing instruments in its collaboration with CSOs, drawing on the broad range of Austrian organisations with their diverse capacities and activities.
SIEF is a multi-donor trust fund created in 2012 with the support of the British government’s Department for International Development (DFID) and currently also receives support from the London-based Children’s Investment Fund Foundation (CIFF), which seeks catalytic change for children including promoting early childhood development and evidence-based solutions.
Austrian Development Cooperation (ADC) supports countries in Africa, Asia, South Eastern and Eastern Europe as well as the Caribbean in their sustainable development. The Austrian Development Agency (ADA) is in charge of implementing all bilateral projects and programmes of the ADC. For this, ADA has various financing instruments at its disposal. Total ODA 2013 = USD 1.2 bio (0,28% of GNI)
The ANCP has existed for 40 years and is DFAT’s largest single support mechanism for accredited Australian non-government organisations (NGOs). It is an annual grants program that provides funding to accredited Australian NGOs to deliver community development projects in developing countries. In 2015-16, the ANCP will provide $127 million (2014-15: $134 mio) to over 50 Australian NGOs. The program will support approximately 600 projects and reach over 20 million people. NGOs funded under the ANCP work with more than 3,000 in-country partners in over 50 countries. These NGOs provide an additional 20 per cent of the funding provided by DFAT to support ANCP projects.
The Direct Aid Program (DAP) is a flexible small grants program funded from Australia’s aid budget and managed through 66 of the department’s overseas posts. Allocated budget 2014/15 = $22 million
The DFAT’s purpose is to help make Australia stronger, safer and more prosperous by promoting and protecting the country's interests internationally and contributing to global stability and economic growth. The department provides foreign, trade and development policy advice to the government. total ODA 2013 = 4,9 bio USD (0.33% of GNI).
The mandate of FATDC is to manage Canada's diplomatic and consular relations, to encourage the country's international trade and to lead Canada’s international development and humanitarian assistance - total ODA 2013 = 4.9 bio USD (0.27 of GNI)
Sida is a government agency working on behalf of the Swedish parliament and government, with the mission to reduce poverty in the world. Through our work and in cooperation with others, we contribute to implementing Sweden’s Policy for Global Development (PGU). total ODA 2013 = USD 5.8 bn (1% of GNI), 57m went to Trade policy, trade-related adjustment and tourism.
Created in 2007 with the mission to contribute to the sustainable development of the countries with less developed economies, linked with the general strategy for the Portuguese cooperation and the Official Development Assistance (ODA)
Netherlands Enterprise Agency (RVO.nl) encourages entrepreneurs in sustainable, agrarian, innovative and international business. It helps with grants, finding business partners, know-how and compliance with laws and regulations.
The World Bank has continuously sought to promote sustainable development through its work in promoting projects that mitigate climate change.
The African Development Fund (ADF) is the concessional window of the African Development Bank (AfDB) Group. The ADF has the challenge of having nearly half its client countries as fragile states, and facing a situation where even stable economies can become fragile due to a single internal or external shock.
The Fragile States Facility (FSF) is an operationally autonomous entity within the African Development Bank (AfDB) Group. The FSF is a special initiative of the Board of Directors of the African Development Bank (AfDB) and the African Development Fund (ADF).
As part of the AfDB’s commitment to supporting Africa’s move toward climate-smart development, it is helping to expand access to international climate change financing. The AfDB is serving as an implementing agency of the Climate Investment Funds (CIF). Established in 2008 as one of the largest fast-tracked climate financing instruments in the world, the USD 8 billion CIF gives developing countries worldwide an urgently needed jump-start toward achieving low-carbon and climate-resilient development.
SEFA is a multi-donor trust fund administered by the African Development Bank – anchored in a commitment of USD 60 million by the Governments of Denmark and the United States – to support small- and medium-scale Renewable Energy (RE) and Energy Efficiency (EE) projects in Africa.
Hosted by the African Development Bank’s Regional Integration & Trade Division, AfTra was set up in March 2012 with a clear aim of facilitating trade openings in low-income African economies. AfTra is a trade-related, multi-million dollar technical assistance facility with the objective to accelerate the integration of Regional Member Countries (RMCs) and Regional Economic Communities (RECs) in regional and global trading systems.
The overall objective of AfDB’s Initiative on Migration and Development is to maximize the development impact of remittances by increasing their canalization into productive investments and promoting business opportunities and job creation at the grassroots level.
The Nigeria Trust Fund (NTF) was created in 1976 by agreement between the Bank Group and the Nigerian government. The NTF is a self-sustaining revolving fund. Its initial capital of US$ 80 million was replenished in 1981 with US$ 71 million. In 2008, the Federal Republic of Nigeria and the Bank agreed to a ten-year extension of the NTF.
On 1st June 2012,the AfDB’s President announced the official launch of the African Guarantee Fund (AGF), a market-friendly guarantee scheme aims at easing access to finance for African small SMEs. In order to make use of their potential, SMEs need increased access to bank credit. African SMEs historically lack access to finance, and this is likely to be exacerbated by the effects of the financial and economic crisis on the continent.
The NEPAD Infrastructure Project Preparation Facility (NEPAD-IPPF) Special Fund aims to assist African countries, Regional Economic Communities (RECs), specialized agencies and related institutions by providing grant resources. The key priority of the Fund is the mobilization of additional resources from the donors that are interested in infrastructure development. Date of agreement: September 2004.
The African Women In Business Initiative (AWIB) responds to the Bank’s Private Sector Development Strategy emphasis on the role of women in business as well as to calls to empower women entrepreneurs, in particular SMEs, through better access to finance.
The AfDB accepted the request from the Commission of the African Union (AUC) and United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA) to establish the ClimDev-Africa Special Fund (CDSF) and to administer its resources for demand-led interventions. ClimDev-Africa is a demand-led Fund that pools resources to finance investment activities on the ground across Africa for the generation and use of climate information for climate-resilient development. Date of agreement: 27th May 2010.
The Asian Development Fund (ADF) bridges the development gap in Asia and the Pacific, home to both the world’s fast-rising and most vulnerable economies. ADF is a major instrument of concessional financing that has supported equitable and sustainable development in the region since 1973.
ASEAN is one of the world's most dynamic and fast-growing regions. The ASEAN Infrastructure Fund (AIF) supports ASEAN's Master Plan on Connectivity, which calls for a better-connected ASEAN region that brings people, goods, services and capital closer together.
The Fund for Regional Trade and Financial Security Initiative (FRTFSI) is a multi-donor umbrella facility that will support ADB Technical Assistance to Developing Member Countries (DMCs) for enhancing port security (including airports, cargo ports, and containers) and combating money laundering and terrorist financing.
The Sustainable Transport Initiative Operational Plan provides details of how ADB will update its operations in the transport sector in line with Strategy 2020. ADB will focus on creating transport systems that are accessible, safe, affordable, and environment-friendly.
The Investment Climate Facilitation Fund (ICFF) was established in 2008 in coordination with the Government Japan to help address the challenges of promoting investment and tackling climate change through energy efficiency in Asia.
The PEF is a facility that promotes the mainstreaming of environment objectives in ADB operations and poverty reduction strategies, plans, programs, and projects of ADB members.
The APCF is a trust fund established and managed by ADB on behalf of fund participants. It became operational in May 2007 and is part of ADB’s ongoing Carbon Market Program (CMP), which provides financial and technical support for clean development mechanism (CDM) projects.
The Multilateral Investment Fund (MIF) was created in 1993 by 21 donor countries and is part of the Inter-American Development Bank Group. It is the leading provider of technical assistance for the private sector in Latin America and the Caribbean. Projects to be financed should increase access to finance, markets and capabilities and basic services.
The Sustainable Energy and Climate Change Initiative (SECCI) was established in 2009. SECCI is financing activities aiming at expanding investment in renewable energy and energy efficiency technologies.
The Korean government committed three new trust funds in the IDB, the current call of proposal will be financed by one of them: the Korean Poverty Reduction Fund (KPR). It started in 2005 with an initial contribution of $50 million.
The Spanish General Cooperation Fund was established in March 2001 with a contribution of 50 million Euros by the government of Spain. The purpose of the fund is to provide reimbursable resources for co financing and non reimbursable resources for technical assistance and provision of Spanish human resources in support of the IDB’s activities in priority sectors.
In 2013, the Multilateral Investment Fund (MIF), a member of the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) Group, and the Nordic Development Fund (NDF) have announced the launch of a $11.9 million regional facility, PROADAPT, which will support micro, small, and medium enterprises (MSMEs) in building climate resilience and accessing green business opportunities.
Less advantaged countries receive benefits from resources of the Fund for Special Operations (FSO), whose assets are made up of contributions from IDB member countries.
The Social Entrepreneurship Program (SEP) provides financing through local partner organizations to individuals and groups that generally do not have access to commercial or development loans on regular market terms.
Poverty and Tourism Sector. The EBRD helps businesses flourish. Through their financial investments, business services and involvement in high-level policy dialogue, EBRD is well-placed to promote entrepreneurship and change lives.
This MDA was established by the EBRD in 2014 in support of Ukraine’s efforts to reform its economy, improve its business climate and restore sustainable growth.
The EBRD Shareholder Special Fund (SSF) is a multi-donor fund established to complement existing funding for projects which do not fit in with the donors’ priorities. It is administered by the EBRD and the European Neighbourhood Investment Facility.
The EFSE is more than just a fund: its public-private partnership (PPP) structure has made the EFSE an international role model for intelligent and innovative development policy in the 21st century. The PPP approach enables the EFSE to mobilise funding from private institutional investors to top up international public donor funding for development finance.
Joint European Support for Sustainable Investment in City Areas, is an initiative of the European Commission (EC) developed in co-operation with the European Investment Bank (EIB) and the Council of Europe Development Bank (CEB). It supports sustainable urban development and regeneration through financial engineering mechanisms.
The Investment Facility (IF) was established under the Cotonou Agreement and Overseas Association Decision. It is managed under the mandate by the European Investment Bank and is funded from the resources of the EU Member States.
In 2014, the EIB invested EUR 19.1 billion in climate action projects. Central Asian countries are eligible for investment grade projects in renewable energy, energy efficiency, carbon capture, transportation or storage projects aiming specifically to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and projects contributing substantially to security of EU energy supply.
The EFSI aims to overcome the current investment gap in the European Union (EU) by mobilising private financing for strategic investments which the market cannot finance alone.
In 2014 the EIB also set up a Neighbourhood Finance Facility (NFF), a EUR 3bn facility under which financing will be extended at the EIB's own risk (i.e. without EU guarantee) in the Eastern Neighbourhood region, including Russia, and the Southern Neighbourhood (FEMIP) region.
2015: 57 Founding Members, and the 4th CNM was organized in Beijing in April 2015. The Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB) is a multilateral development bank (MDB) conceived for the 21st century.
NDB BRICS started in 2014 as a multilateral development bank operated by the BRICS states (Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa). Unlike the World Bank, which assigns votes based on capital share, in the New Development Bank each participant country will be assigned one vote, and none of the countries will have veto power.
The Awqaf Properties Investment Fund (APIF) was established in 2001. APIF is established as a U.S. Dollar denominated trust fund managed by the Islamic Development Bank in accordance with the Islamic concept of Mudarabah and the Regulations of APIF. The ISDB undertakes the role of Mudarib acting as Manager and Trustee of APIF.
Established in 2014, the USD 2 Billion IDB Infrastructure Fund II provides an efficient investment vehicle for global and regional investors to capitalize on the infrastructure investment opportunities across Asia, the Middle East and Africa. It is the largest private equity infrastructure fund dedicated to the 57 member countries of the IDB.  Administered by: the Islamic Development Bank; Public Pension Agency, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia; Public Investment Fund, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia; Kingdom of Bahrain; Sultanate of Brunei Darussalam.
The Ford Foundation supports visionary leaders and organizations on the frontlines of social change worldwide. The Ford Foundation is on the frontlines of social change around the world, working with visionary leaders and organizations to change social structures and institutions—so that everyone has the opportunity to achieve their full potential and have a voice in decisions that affect them.
The Aga Khan Foundation (AKF), alongside its sister Aga Khan Development Network (AKDN) agencies, has implemented innovative, community-driven solutions to development challenges for more than 45 years. It focusses on a small number of specific development problems by forming intellectual and financial partnerships with organisations sharing its objectives. With a small staff, a host of cooperating agencies and thousands of volunteers, the Foundation reaches out to vulnerable populations on four continents, irrespective of their race, religion, political persuasion or gender.
Intel co-founder Gordon and his wife Betty established the foundation to create positive change for future generations.